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Syzygium suborbiculare (Benth.) T.G.Hartley & L.M.Perry

Fam: MYRTACEAE

Last updated 1 October 2005 
39 secs at 56 k


Syzygium suborbiculare is an evergreen tree growing between 10 and 14 metres found throughout tropical Australia and Papua New Guinea.

Previously known as Eugenia suborbicularis and commonly as Red Bush Apple.

It is common through savannah woodland and on the edge of coastal floodplain growing in sandy soil. Samples growing in coastal dunes on Melville Island differ in having dull leaves, smooth white fruit with a pinkish blush. 

The photographs here are taken of an example growing alongside MacMillan road in Anula in September and October 2005.

S. suborbiculare may be mistaken for S. eucalyptoides subsp. bleeseri.

Terminal inflorescence comprise a cluster of large showy flower with numerous white stamens.

Nectar from the flowers attracts bees.

Globular fleshy, red fruit are up to 70 mm in length, fruiting occurs November to December. The fruit contains a single large seed. 

The fruit can be eaten raw. Other uses of the plant include

  • decoction from leaves for diarrhoea

  • juice from cooked fruit for coughs, colds and chest congestion

  • fruit pulp applied to sore ears

  • heated leaves applied to wounds as a dressing to stop bleeding and reduce swelling

  • infusion form bark and leaves for stomach pains and bathe sores.

 

 

 

The tree is fire tolerant and will shoot from lignotubers following damage from fire like other Myrtacaea. It is a good firewood.

This plants grows readily from fresh seed in most well-draining  soils 

                     Slightly rough grey bark

 

Broad, elliptical leaves are discolorous with a shiny green upper surface, paler underneath. These examples show evidence of insect grazing. Leaves are opposite, thick and leathery. Venations are prominent with oil dots. Most have short pointed tips.

References

Brock J. Top End Native Plants 1988 John Brock. Darwin.309

Dunlop CT, Leach GJ, Cowie  ID Flora of  the Darwin Region Vol 2 CCNT, Darwin 1995 p 179


Other Syzygium suboriculare information

 


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